This course is designed to give the student a sound background in structure of human body as a whole. Anatomy is the most fundamental of all medical sciences. It provides the basic framework of terminology and vocabulary used in all descriptions and communications about the body. The course will describe the structure, composition, and functions of the organ systems of the human body and how the organ systems function and interrelate. The course will also describe how humans adapt through their anatomical design
This course is designed to introduce the theoretical and practical aspects of normal hematology and will include the normal composition of blood, collection, and storage of blood, hemopoiesis, morphology, structure, and function of red cells, white cells, and platelets. The course will provide students with knowledge and skills to perform a variety of lab tests and to know the different component of the blood.
In this course, students are introduced to the general principles of biochemistry while linking them back to the physiological conditions of an organism. There are several topics designed into this course, relationship of biochemistry to the physiology of an organism, relationship of bioenergetics to the physiological state, regulation of rates through the metabolic pathways, and relationship of enzyme structure to catalysis and regulation. Description of the chemistry underlying most of the metabolic reaction’s role of DNA, RNA, and protein synthesis in the observed physiologic state Role of DNA in inheritance and genetic manipulation and gene therapy Students will know the basic information related to the following terms: saccharides, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids. In addition, enzymes, and vitamins and how they work in the human body. Biochemistry also introduces essential information related to chemical combinations, biomaterials, classification, chemical structure, reactions and how the human body metabolizes such bio molecules.
This course aims to provide students the skills needed to analyze medical literature by understanding the fields of biostatistics such as data types, observational studies, inferential statistics, regression techniques, evaluating a cohort study and determinants of health. The course emphasizes on principles of statistical reasoning, underlying assumptions and hypotheses, and interpretation of results. Topics covered include descriptive statistics, graphical displays of data, introduction to probability, expectations and variance of random variables, confidence intervals and tests for means, differences of means, proportions, differences of proportions, chi-square tests for categorical variables, regression and multiple regressions and an introduction to analysis of variance. Statistical software will be used to supplement hand calculation. Perform inference on population means and proportions via sample data; statistical hypothesis testing and its application to group comparisons; issues of power and sample size in study designs; and random sample and other study types. While there are some formulae and computational elements to the course, the emphasis is on interpretation and concepts.
Chemistry for Health Sciences
This course will introduce basic theoretical principles of modern chemistry, integrated with descriptive and practical aspects. Topics discussed include stoichiometry, atomic theory and the structure of matter, the Periodic Table, chemical bonding, kinetic- molecular theory and the states of matter; gas laws, solutions, oxidation reduction, acid- base systems, and thermochemistry. Emphasis is on both qualitative and quantitative aspects of chemistry.
Laboratory sessions are designed to complement and supplement theoretical concepts presented in lectures and to develop skills in laboratory technique, observation, and data analysis.
Clinical Chemistry I
This course is designed to introduce the student to diagnosis and monitoring of disease using plasma, serum, urine, and other body fluids. Student will gain knowledge and skills in various analytical techniques and methods used in the measurement of various parameters in the blood and other body fluids, and to gain technical skills and knowledge of interpretation of test results in health and disease states. The course mostly covers routine laboratory investigations related to disorders of plasma proteins and amino acids, carbohydrate disorders, lipids and lipoprotein abnormalities, enzymes, blood gases and electrolytes
Clinical Chemistry II
This course is designed to introduce the student to the various analytical techniques and methods used in the measurement of various parameters in the blood and other body fluids, and to gain technical skills and knowledge of interpretation of test results in health and disease states. The course mostly covers routine laboratory investigations related to disorders such as cardiac function, kidney function, liver function, hormonal abnormalities, pancreatic function, and gastrointestinal disorders
Clinical Immunology and Serology
This course provides a foundation in the theoretical basis of clinical immunology and will give the student an understanding of the mechanisms of diagnostic tests, interpretation of results of immunological tests, and the clinical settings in which various tests are appropriate. The laboratory portion of this course will provide an opportunity for the student to perform directed exercises in clinical immunology. These exercises will teach basic techniques in clinical immunology, provide a practical link to the theoretical information presented in lecture, and show the diverse applications of basic immunological techniques.
Clinical Laboratory instrumentation
This course aims to introduce the practical applications of clinical laboratory instruments and introduces the students to the principles of instrumental methods of analysis including visible and ultraviolet spectrophotometry, flame photometry, chromatography, electrophoresis, radiation counters and automated chemical analyzers. The student will be exposed to sophisticated analytical instruments to enhance laboratory skills and confidence of working in the medical laboratory.
The course aims at familiarizing students with the basic concepts of Parasitology, types of animal associations, adaptations to parasitic mode of life and evolution of parasitism. Parasite’s life – cycles, infection, transmission, pathology, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and control of medically and economically important parasites are the main emphasis of this course. Laboratory sessions are designed to expose the students to the morphology of the different developmental stages of medically and economically important parasites as well as introducing the skills of proper laboratory procedures for collecting, handling, diagnosing, and identifying parasitic organisms.
Clinical Practice is an integral part of the program in Medical Laboratory Analysis and is designed to provide graduating students with an opportunity to integrate and apply previously acquired knowledge and technical skills in clinical settings. Under the guidance of experienced Medical Laboratory Professionals and other qualified laboratory preceptors, students learn more about diagnostic test procedures, quality control methods and programs, and instrumentation in the pre-analytical, analytical, and post-analytical clinical laboratory. Students also gain an understanding of the roles and functions of the Medical Laboratory Professionals. The Clinical Practice program is conducted in an affiliated hospital laboratory, where students learn by participating in the workload of a supervising preceptor. The course gives students practical experience in effective communications to ensure accurate and appropriate information transfer. Finally, it helps students find employment by gaining experience they require to enter the world of medical laboratory.
This course is designed to provide the student with knowledge and practical skills used for differential diagnosis of erythrocyte and leukocyte disorders. Erythrocyte disorders include anemias, hemoglobinopathies, and metabolic anemias. Leukocyte disorders include benign leukocyte disorders, chronic and acute leukemias, proliferative disorders and MDS. Laboratory morphology and additional tests used in the diagnosis of these disorders plays an integral role in this course as well as the correlation of clinical and laboratory data.
Diagnostic Microbiology I
This course focuses on systemic pathogenic bacteria. This course provides students with theoretical and practical aspects of various groups of bacteria their classification, morphology, cultural characters, biochemical reactions, resistance, antigenic structure, virulence factors, pathogenicity, clinical features, laboratory diagnosis, treatment, and epidemiology. The principles of culture, identification and susceptibility testing are covered in depth using live cultures of various Gram positive and Gram-negative bacteria to encompass all areas of systematic bacteriology. Special focus is also given to antimicrobial chemotherapy which includes their classification based on bacterial anatomical targets, mechanism of action, resistance, and antibiotic susceptibility testing.
Diagnostic Microbiology II
This course is the study of microorganisms of medical importance in relationship to disease and diagnosis. This course also emphasizes identification of bacteria in patient specimens, specimen collection and antimicrobial susceptibility testing. The course will provide the conceptual basis for understanding pathogenic microorganisms and particularly address the fundamental mechanisms of their pathogenicity. The laboratory sessions cover techniques of identification of normal flora, pathogenic bacteria, including morphology, classification, and cultivation of bacteria.
This course is designed to introduce the student to the principles and concepts of epidemiology including the definition, background, and the history of epidemiology, and describe different uses and applications of epidemiology. The course focuses on an epidemiological approach to defining and measuring the occurrence of health-related states in populations, identifying the modifiable environmental factors and encourages the application of epidemiology to the prevention of disease and the promotion of health, evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of health care, describe the common causes of death, disease and disability in the community and diseases prevention and control.
Hematology: Coagulation and Hemostasis
This course describes the mechanisms of normal hemostasis and the roles and interactions of the blood vessels, platelets, coagulation, and fibrinolytic systems. The inherited and acquired disorders of hemostasis will be studied and students will carry out the practical tasks needed to differentiate and diagnose these disorders. The causes and clinical effects of thrombosis will be discussed. Students will carry out the appropriate laboratory tests involved in the diagnosis and treatment of these disorders.
Histology & Micro techniques
This course is designed to introduce the students to concepts of histology related to the cells and tissue , arrangements of the human body, It deal with the study of the micro anatomical structure and function of the body’s major organs of the epithelial; connective; muscular and nervous tissues; structural and functional relationships between cells and tissues in organs; comparative histology of the circulatory; nervous; digestive; integumentary; respiratory; excretory; reproductive; endocrine and sensory systems , laboratory exercises will include the study of prepared slides and of micro techniques; practice on standard methods of microscopic slide preparation.
This course is designed to introduce the student to the fundamentals of this specialized branch of laboratory medicine. It involves the study of the process of immunity, theory, and practice of a wide variety of procedures used in the laboratory. The components of the Innate and Adaptive immunity are discussed and how they interact in recognizing foreign molecules to defend the body against invading microorganisms. Practical aspects of antigen and antibody interactions are investigated.
Introduction to Pharmacology & Toxicology
This course is designed as an introduction to pharmacology and toxicology deals with pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics, clinical/therapeutic uses and toxicology of drugs, Pharmacology is broadly defined as the effect of drugs and chemicals on living organisms. Toxicology is closely related to pharmacology and is the study of the poisonous effects of drugs and chemicals on living organisms. It gives specific information concerning cardiopulmonary, vascular, central, and peripheral nervous system, and antimicrobial drug classifications as well as common examples in each category. With each classification of drugs covered, their mode of action, their clinical effects and side effects will be emphasized.
Laboratory Management and Quality Assurance
This is an integrated course of both laboratory management and quality assurance in the medical laboratory. The course describes the fundamental principles and practices of management and supervision of clinical laboratory including management of organizations, human resources, financial resources, and laboratory operations. Concerning quality assurance, the course covers subjects related to quality concepts and terminology, tools of quality monitoring and assessment, data interpretation, and appropriate actions in response to QC results.
This course focuses on the foundation on the basic principles of medical microbiology. The course is designed to provide medical laboratory analysis students with adequate knowledge about microbes, diseases, ways of transmission of infections and infection control measurements. The course involves identification of the role of saprophytes, normal commensal flora, and pathogenic microbes. The course elaborates the tools and methods for the study of microbes, microbial structure and function, virulence factors. Microbial genetics and its importance in the virulence of microbes are also dealt in the course. The basic immune defense mechanism of the host is also considered in this course. Students in practical sessions will experience preparation of bacterial culture media, sterilization and antiseptic techniques and an antibiotic sensitivity test.
This course introduces prefixes, suffixes, and word roots used in the language of medicine. Topics include medical vocabulary and the terms that relate to the anatomy, physiology, pathological conditions, and treatment of selected systems. Upon completion, students should be able to define medical terms and abbreviation related to selected body systems and their pathological disorders.
The course introduces the basic principles of virology including definitions, structure, nomenclature, classifications, modes of viral infection, viral diseases, and viral vaccines. Also, the course designed to introduce student to the major classes of viruses and their replication mechanisms, to examine virus-host interactions, and to discuss the public health aspects of virus infections, as well as major systemic diseases cause by various viruses. The practical part of the course will provide students with fundamental virology laboratory techniques.
The course introduces some of the current techniques in molecular biology, with a focus on analysis of nucleic acids: Polymerase chain reaction (PCR), gel electrophoresis and blotting techniques (Northern, Southern), real-time PCR, microarrays (DNA chips), recombinant DNA technology (cloning of DNA fragments), DNA sequencing and methods to study gene function. Manipulation and analysis of gene expression in prokaryotic systems, through eukaryotic tools will be briefly described. Students become familiar with common laboratory methods used in various fields in molecular biology, and gain an understanding of the objectives, applicability and limitations underlying each of these methods.
The goal of this course is to develop an understanding of the causes and mechanisms of human diseases and associated alterations of structure and function of tissues. This involves first, the general pathology during which cell injury, adaptation, cell death, repair, inflammation, and neoplasia are introduced. Then, diseases and tumors of general interest affecting different body systems such as immune system, digestive, respiratory and cardiovascular system are studied.
This course is designed to provide the students with the knowledge of the functions and mechanisms of various parts and organs of the human body. In addition, the course introduces the students to the integrity of the body systems to recognize the physiological changes that occur within the human body and how the body systems work. Students cover the topics of body mechanism, basic chemistry, function of the human body such as, cells and tissues, skin and body membranes, skeletal system, muscular system, nervous system with special senses, and the function of endocrine system, circulatory system with blood, body defenses, respiratory system, digestive system including body metabolism, urinary system, and a unit on human body reproduction.
Principles of Human Genetics
This course is designed to introduce the student to the study of biological inheritance in humans, the history, and principles of heredity at the molecular and cellular level and the transmission and expression of genetic information. The course enables an improved understanding of genetics topics and their influence on modern life such as the structure of DNA and RNA, gene expression, gene organization, gene regulation and gene transfer. Current issues such as recombinant DNA technology, human heritable diseases and population genetics are included. The course provides a foundation for studies in human biology and related fields regarding the principles of inheritance, structure and function of genetic material, prokaryotic and eukaryotic genes and finally the impact of genetics on population dynamics and evolution.
Research Methodology for Health Sciences
This is an introduction to research methodology course to provide a comprehensive introduction to research methodology, including its theoretical foundation, fundamental protocols, and evidence-based practice (EBP). The course offers a practical approach to the identification, organization, and critique of such evidence. Also, in this course, students learn about research methodologies, which include pure and applied research, and interactive process of research writing. The distinction between quantitative, qualitative, and mixed method approaches is emphasized in this course. The course also teaches students how to review literature and to write a research proposal.
This course introduces the students to the history of blood transfusion and discovery of blood group systems. Inheritance and clinical significance of major blood group systems and their applications in transfusion medicine is discussed together with the techniques of antibody detection and antigen typing. Emphasis is also placed on blood bank techniques including blood grouping, antigen typing, and Anti-human globulin testing. Donor selection and processing, blood component preparation, storage and expiry and indications for use are discussed. Adverse effects of blood transfusion are discussed as well as the pathophysiology and management of Hemolytic Disease of the Newborn (HDNB) and Auto Immune Hemolytic Anemia (AIHA). Laboratory exercises include grouping and matching techniques, antibody detection and identification, and other procedures associated with blood bank practice.
Urinalysis & Body Fluids
This course is intended to provide the student with a foundation for performing urine and body fluid analysis. The anatomy and physiology of the renal system, urine formation, chemical analysis of urine and the microscopic examination of urinary sediment will be introduced. Urinary and metabolic diseases as they relate to urinalysis findings will be discussed. An introduction to body fluids and their clinical significance will be examined.